Hungarian citizenship law is based on the principle of jus sanguinis, meaning that you inherit your Hungarian citizenship from your parents. Everybody with Hungarian ancestry is entitled to get Hungarian citizenship under certain conditions.
To make it simple, there are two major paths to obtaining Hungarian citizenship.
One requires taking a language exam while the other is simpler and does not require this.
If you have Hungarian ancestry and you meet the following conditions (either 1, 3, and 4 OR 2, 3, and 4), you do NOT need to learn Hungarian.
- If you were born before 1 October 1957 and your father was a Hungarian citizen. (It has to be your father, not your mother.)
- If you were born between 1 October 1957-1 October 1993 and one of your parents was Hungarian. (In this case, it can be your father or your mother.)
- Your ancestor(s) did not leave Hungary before 1 September 1929 and lived abroad continuously for a period exceeding 10 years.
- Your ancestor lived in the current territory of Hungary (as opposed to other areas of the former Kingdom of Hungary).
And the Hungarian state did not deprive your ancestor from their citizenship.
Citizenship laws do not have retroactive effect, so the provisions of the Citizenship Act in force at the time of the event affecting citizenship must always be taken into account. For example:
§ A child born before October 1, 1957, follows the citizenship of the legal father. After a mother of a Hungarian citizen, only an “illegal” child born out of wedlock could acquire Hungarian citizenship.
§ If a Hungarian citizen is married to a foreign citizen before October 1, 1957, he or she may have lost his or her Hungarian citizenship. This requires an individual examination in each case.
§ Bilateral agreements were in force between Hungary and the former socialist countries to eliminate dual citizenship. The provisions of the conventions must be taken into account in the so-called in the examination of the nationality of a child born of a mixed marriage, at the time the conventions exist, regardless of their place of birth.
If you have a Hungarian ancestor, but you do not meet the above conditions you can still acquire a Hungarian citizenship, you just need to show a basic knowledge of the Hungarian language.
Since 2010, I have been helping people in:
- Researching and acquiring documentation proving their Hungarian heritage
- Teaching them Hungarian in order to help them pass the Simplified Naturalization Interview
- Translating the required documents and filling out the relevant forms
Spouses of Hungarian Citizens
Since 1 March 2013, spouses of Hungarian citizens are also eligible for Hungarian citizenship with a simplified naturalization process if he or she meets the following conditions:
- They have been legally married to a Hungarian citizen for 10 years. OR
- They are legally married to a Hungarian citizen for 5 years and they have a child together.
- They prove that they have a basic knowledge of the Hungarian language
How can I help you?
Do you have Hungarian ancestry? Are you interested in having a European passport? Do you need help with finding the proof of your Hungarian ancestry or with your paperwork? Would you like to study Hungarian with me?